Factors That May Cause Hard Drive Failure

Factors That May Cause Hard Drive Failure


Factors That May Cause Hard Drive Failure

A hard disk drive is a fixed non-removable magnetic disc having a large data storage capability. The hard disk drive is the main memory device in a computer system. It uses magnetic storage for storing and retrieving digital information via one or multiple fixed fast rotating disks, known as platters coated with magnetic material. It will store almost everything which includes the OS, system files, software programs and the files you create by using them.

Hard disk failure can be comparatively painless and a temporary event or as devastating as a permanent loss of significant data. There are different causes for these hard drives to fail, from unforeseen mishaps to simple human error.

Human Error

The errors that are caused because of human mistakes are known as human errors. Generally, human errors will cause great harm to the pc and its data, and they can also result in hard disk failure. Human error is nearly always unintentional (we hope!) and is that the most common reason that a hard disk drive can fail.

Firmware Corruption

Sometimes past a problem referred to as BSY became threat in some series of drives produced by Seagate that caused these hard disk drives to fail. Firmware corruption like this could cause a disk to become unreadable, and cause data loss.

Hardware Failure

Problems with the hardware part found within the hard drive itself is another top reason for drive failure. Despite more than fifty years of development history, a hard disk drive continues to be far from excellent. In this kind of cases, hardware failure usually ends up in physical damage. This can be because of the read/write heads touching or gouging into the device’s disks that cause damage to the platter’s magnetic surfaces. This is referred to as a crash, and the damage can result in permanent data loss. Additional problems can also occur with the controller board of the drive and may also result in permanent failure.


Excessive heat also will result in severe damage to a hard disk drive’s elements. As the temperature rises, disk platters expand then contract with a temperature decrease. This may lead to a distorted magnetic surface that develops micro cracks, a severe defect that compromises information making the drive need hard drive recovery.

Water damage

Water damage caused by losing a liquid onto a computer device is always bad news. Only in uniquely designed devices will be there be sufficient safeguard built-in.  Most goods on the consumer market today are merely not intended to be a barrier against water or other liquids. Water causes unwanted surges within the electrical current which may severely damage your device making only way to get your data back using hard drive recovery.

Power issues

Power surges occur once the flow of electricity is interrupted then restarted again. A power surge is caused by a variety of reasons from lightning strikes to power line interference. Power surges can result in data loss once the read/write heads fail to function properly. In worst case scenarios of hard drive recovery, there will be an insufficient quantity of power to pull the heads back to the parking zone before the platters stop spinning.

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